North Korea

Agenda Item 6(c) Report by the Director General on Monitoring and Verification in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

IAEA Board of Governors Meeting September 7-11, 2009

Ambassador Glyn Davies

Permanent Representative of the United States to the International Atomic Energy Agency

Madam Chairwoman,

The international nonproliferation regime faces a critical challenge from North Korea’s nuclear and missile programs.  North Korea’s April 5 and July 4 ballistic missile tests and the May 25 nuclear test, in clear violation of its obligations under UN Security Council Resolutions, have seriously threatened international peace and security.  North Korea’s actions, as well as its recent provocative statements, imperil the nonproliferation objectives shared by the community of responsible nations.  This includes its decision to cease cooperation with the IAEA, expel Agency monitors and U.S. observers, and its announced intentions to restart its nuclear facilities at Yongbyon and reprocess the spent fuel – all in contravention of its Six-Party commitments.

The international community has condemned these actions with a unified voice through the unanimous adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1874.  This resolution, like Resolution 1718, demands that North Korea not conduct any additional nuclear tests or launches using ballistic missile technology.  It also requires North Korea to abandon all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programs in a complete, verifiable, and irreversible manner and immediately cease all related activities.  Furthermore, the resolution demands that the DPRK return, at an early date, to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and IAEA safeguards and calls on North Korea to return to the Six-Party Talks without preconditions.

The unanimous adoption of UNSCR 1874 represents a global consensus on the imperative to eliminate the DPRK’s ability to pursue nuclear, ballistic missile, and other WMD-related activities and to prevent proliferation to and from North Korea.  The new measures under this resolution include a total ban on arms exports from North Korea and a major expansion of the ban on arms imports, new financial measures, and enhanced inspection provisions for suspected transfers of proscribed cargo.  Pursuant to UNSCR 1874, the DPRK Sanctions Committee has also designated a number of individuals, entities, and goods related to North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic missile programs.  It is our belief that effective implementation of this resolution is imperative to convince North Korea that its only viable option is a return to diplomacy and denuclearization.

The United States has been coordinating closely with key international partners to implement resolution 1874.  At the direction of President Obama and Secretary Clinton, we are working hard to promote full implementation of these resolutions and continued vigilance against North Korea’s proliferation and other illicit activities.  The United States urges all states to implement fully Resolutions 1718 and 1874, and commends the efforts of those that have acted proactively and effectively to enforce the relevant provisions.  We call on all states to be vigilant and transparent in their dealings with North Korea.  These resolutions, combined with the designations authorized by the United Nations Sanctions Committee, and the establishment of a Panel of Experts to monitor implementation, provide a powerful mechanism to curb North Korea’s unacceptable activities and compel it to commit to denuclearization and nonproliferation.

The United States calls on North Korea to return without conditions to the Six Party Talks and honor its commitments to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula.  Our policy remains the same.  We will not accept North Korea as a nuclear weapon state, and we remain committed to the goals of the September 2005 Joint Statement.  North Korea must signal that it is willing to commit to an irreversible process of complete and verifiable denuclearization.  We are open to engaging North Korea, including bilaterally within the multilateral framework of the Six-Party Talks.  We continue to believe that the IAEA has an important role to play in this process, the ultimate objective of which is to return a North Korea free of nuclear weapons and related programs to the NPT and IAEA Safeguards – a process through which North Korea can end its isolation and take its place as a responsible member of the community of nations.  As my President has said, “North Korea has a pathway to acceptance in the international community, but it will not find that acceptance unless it abandons its pursuit of weapons of mass destruction and abides by its international obligations and commitments.”

Our firm response to North Korea’s actions and our collective resolve to bring North Korea into compliance with its obligations and commitments are vital not only to global peace and security but to the credibility and viability of the international nonproliferation regime itself.

Thank you, Madam Chairwoman.