Application of Safeguards in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Board of Governors Meeting, March 1-5, 2010
Agenda Item Number 5 (b) U.S. Statement
Ambassador Glyn Davies
Permanent Representative of the United States to the International Atomic Energy Agency and the United Nations Office in Vienna
Thank you very much Mr. Chairman,
The international community stands firm in its resolve to address the threat posed by North Korea’s nuclear, missile, and other WMD-related programs. The United States, in close coordination with our Six-Party partners, led by the People’s Republic of China, is committed to the full and transparent implementation of UN Security Council Resolutions 1718 and 1874, and to the resumption of the Six-Party Talks to achieve the verifiable denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
We commend the actions taken by the international community to implement the UN Resolutions. These concerted steps demonstrate the effectiveness of UN sanctions and underscore the international solidarity behind the Security Council Resolutions. Our unified resolve to enforce these measures has sent a strong signal to North Korea that it must fulfill its international obligations and immediately return to diplomacy and denuclearization.
In close coordination with our allies and partners, the United States agreed to meet with North Korea to seek resumption of the Six-Party Talks and the implementation of the 2005 Joint Statement. In early December 2009, Ambassador Stephen Bosworth, Special Representative for North Korea Policy, led a U.S. delegation to Pyongyang for a bilateral meeting within the framework of the Six-Party Talks. During this visit, North Korean officials acknowledged the importance of the Six-Party Talks and reaffirmed the DPRK’s commitment to the 2005 Joint Statement, including the goal of verifiable denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula in a peaceful manner. However, the DPRK has yet to agree on when and how it will return to the talks.
We share with our Six-Party partners the hope that North Korea will return to the Six-Party Talks without delay. The commitment of the United States to all elements of the Joint Statement is not in question; all parties pledged to achieve verifiable denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula in a peaceful manner as well as to take steps towards the establishment of a peace regime, normalization of relations, economic cooperation, and energy assistance. But the United States will not offer incentives or material benefits for the DPRK simply to return to negotiations. Once North Korea returns to the Six-Party Talks and begins to make irreversible progress on denuclearization, we will all be prepared to discuss the other elements of the Joint Statement.
The UN resolutions also outline the steps North Korea needs to take for sanctions relief – in essence, irreversible steps toward complete and verifiable denuclearization. When North Korea takes the appropriate steps, the Security Council can meet to review North Korea’s progress towards its obligations under the resolutions.
As President Obama has stated, “Our message is clear. If North Korea is prepared to take concrete and irreversible steps to fulfill its obligations and eliminate its nuclear weapons program, the United States will support economic assistance and help promote its full integration into the community of nations.”
However, we will not and cannot defer the core issue of denuclearization. The DPRK must abandon its possession and pursuit of nuclear weapons and related technologies and it must cease its proliferation activities. We continue to affirm that the IAEA has an important role to play in the process of verifiable denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and returning a North Korea free of nuclear weapons and related programs to the NPT and to IAEA safeguards. The DPRK must recognize that it cannot gain the respect and security it seeks while continuing to weaken the very fabric of the nonproliferation regime that helps safeguard international peace and security.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.