IAEA Safeguards

U.S. Statement

Board of Governors Meeting March 1-5, 2010

Agenda Item 5 (a) The Conclusion of Safeguards Agreements and of Additional Protocols GOV/2010/06

Permanent Representative of the United States to the International Atomic Energy Agency and the United Nations Office in Vienna

Mr. Chairman,

The United States welcomes ratification of the Additional Protocol by the Philippines, the decision made by the Republic of The Gambia to conclude an Additional Protocol, and the decision by the Republic of Angola to conclude a Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and an Additional Protocol.

We also welcome Iraq’s provisional implementation of the Additional Protocol, pending its entry into force, an action that further demonstrates Iraq’s commitment to adhere to the highest standards of nonproliferation.

We believe actions by these states constitute important steps toward the universalization of the Additional Protocol.  Fulfillment of the states’ NPT obligations to conclude and bring into force Comprehensive Safeguards Agreements and Additional Protocols strengthen the IAEA and the global nuclear nonproliferation regime as a whole.  We hope to work together with the IAEA and Member States that have Additional Protocols in force to increase the momentum toward making a safeguards agreement, together with an Additional Protocol, an established norm in the nuclear nonproliferation regime.

A Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement together with an Additional Protocol represents the highest verification standard.  Only through thorough implementation of a Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and an Additional Protocol is the Director General in a position to draw definitive conclusions about the absence of undeclared activities.

The Additional Protocol also serves as an important confidence-building measure.  By adopting and implementing the Additional Protocol, countries that have or plan significant nuclear activities give their neighbors additional confidence that their pursuits are purely peaceful.

The United States calls on the other states that have not fulfilled their obligation under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to take steps to expedite the conclusion and entry into force of their comprehensive safeguards agreements.

The United States also notes the slow pace in adoption of the revised Small Quantities Protocol (SQP).  The U.S. calls on those states that have SQPs to conclude and enter into force revised protocols.  We stand ready to work with the IAEA and with the states in question to build the capability to implement these safeguards instruments.

Thank you, Mr. Chairman.