Board of Governors Meeting, September 13 – 17, 2010
Agenda Item Number 7(b)
Application of Safeguards in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK)
Ambassador Glyn Davies
The international community continues to face a threat from North Korea’s nuclear and missile programs. North Korea continues to disregard its commitments under the 2005 Joint Statement. It also continues to defy the international community, as noted by the Director General in his report, by failing to comply with its obligations under United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1718 and 1874.
The United States recently adopted new sanctions as part of our effort to hold North Korea accountable for its repeated violations of UN Security Council Resolutions 1718 and 1874 and continued disregard of its international commitments. On August 30, President Obama signed a new executive order aimed at enhancing our ability to prevent DPRK proliferation, halt the illicit activities that help fund the DPRK’s proliferation programs, and to discourage further provocative behavior. These new measures will supplement existing U.S. sanctions targeting North Korea’s weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and ballistic missile programs and build on our efforts to pursue vigorous international enforcement of UN Security Council Resolutions 1718 and 1874. We call on all Member States to implement these Resolutions fully and transparently. The international community must make clear that North Korea’s defiance and provocative behavior come at a cost.
Our position remains the same: the United States will not accept North Korea as a nuclear weapon state. We remain committed to the 2005 Joint Statement and its core goal of the verifiable denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula in a peaceful manner. In close coordination with our regional partners, the United States continues to address the threats posed by North Korea’s nuclear and missile programs, its proliferation activities, and other provocations. As the United States has repeatedly stressed, there is a positive path open to the DPRK to achieve the security and international respect it seeks: it can cease its provocative behavior, halt its threats and belligerence towards its neighbors, comply with international law and UN Security Council Resolutions 1718 and 1874, and take irreversible steps to fulfill its denuclearization commitments under the 2005 Joint Statement.
As Secretary Clinton has stated, if North Korea chooses that path, sanctions will be lifted, energy and other economic assistance will be provided, its relations with the United States will be normalized, and the current armistice on the Peninsula will be replaced by a permanent peace agreement. But as long as North Korea makes a different choice – if it continues its defiance, provocations, and belligerence – it will continue to suffer the consequences.
We are not prepared to reward North Korea simply for returning to the negotiating table. If North Korea is serious about negotiations, it must demonstrate with concrete actions that it is willing to take irreversible steps toward its Joint Statement commitments and UN Security Council obligations to denuclearize and to return at an early date to the NPT and IAEA safeguards.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.