Nuclear Science and Technology

IAEA Board of Governors Meeting, September 13-17, 2010

September 14, 2010

Agenda Item 6(b)
Strengthening the Agency’s Activities Related to

Nuclear Science, Technology, and Applications: Nuclear Applications for Human Health, Food and Agriculture, Water Sources, and the Environment

U.S. Statement

Ambassador Glyn Davies

Mr. Chairman,

Allow me to begin by reiterating the U.S. government’s strong support for IAEA assistance to Member States in the realm of non-power nuclear techniques.  In this regard, I would note the Peaceful Uses Initiative that will help Member States by expanding IAEA activities in support of nuclear applications for health care and nutrition, water management, and food security.  While we expect contributing Member States will fund projects according to their own criteria, this initiative places no restriction on which States should benefit from this significant increase in funding available for peaceful use activities.

Reviewing the Agency’s efforts to promote human health, I am pleased to note that the Program of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT) has made substantial progress.  The United States appreciates very much the achievements being made by PACT.  We believe that PACT’s innovative approach to achieving sustainable cancer care capacity in low and middle-income countries is deserving of encouragement and support.  We look forward to further program development and implementation.

The United States also congratulates the IAEA for its work on combating disease-bearing insects, and we support the Agency’s R&D activities to develop a sterile insect technique package for the integrated control of malaria-transmitting mosquitoes.  Last year, we contributed $120,000 to the project for the development of a mass-rearing module.  Early this year we also provided a Junior Professional Officer to carry out R&D on mosquito genetics and behavior.  We encourage the Agency to continue to strengthen these research activities along the lines described in Annex 2 and also to continue its efforts in raising more funds for the program.

The United States welcomes the new commitment between the Agency and CIRDES, the Centre International de Recherche-Développement sur l’Élevage en zone Sub-humide, in Burkina Faso to work together to strengthen regional capacity building efforts and to enable CIRDES to become an IAEA Collaborating Center.  We were pleased to contribute $190,000 to purchase the new X-ray irradiator for sterile insect technique operations in the West African sub-region.

The United States would like to commend the Agency’s effort in partnership with the African Union’s Pan African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign, AU-PATTEC, in particular by signing an MOU in support of the PATTEC in November last year.  However, the United States would like to encourage the Agency to further harmonize the working relationship between PATTEC and the Program against African Trypanosomiasis, as recommended by an external review group organized by FAO.

Turning to the topics of food and agriculture, the United States acknowledges many of the important contributions to Member States in food and agriculture.  One of the success stories mentioned in Annex 3 was the Joint Division’s contribution to the FAO Global Rinderpest Eradication Programme which will result in a declaration of freedom from rinderpest by the end of 2010.  We encourage the Agency to demonstrate to Member States how much they benefit from the program activities and achievements of the Joint Division and look forward to learning more about how the Agency is responding to this challenge.

Mr. Chairman,

Against this backdrop, I am pleased again to note that food, health, and water security are key goals of the Peaceful Uses Initiative.  The United Stated expects that support in these areas will contribute to solving many primary agricultural problems and result in more, better, and safer food, while conserving soil, water resources, and biodiversity and improving health care, thereby contributing broadly to the Millennium Development Goals.  Indeed, non-power nuclear and radiological technologies hold great promise for improving the daily lives of people around the world.  It is exciting to contemplate the growing potential for the Agency and Member States to collaborate in securing a better future for all by employing competencies unique to this organization that we have built together.

Thank you, Mr. Chairman.