IAEA Board of Governors Meeting
June 3-7, 2013
Application of Safeguards in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
The United States thanks the Director General for his remarks and commends the IAEA and the Board for its consistent focus on the DPRK’s illicit nuclear program. We welcome the unanimous adoption of UN Security Council resolution 2094 in response to the DPRK’s February 12 nuclear test. This resolution reaffirms the DPRK’s obligation under UN Security Council resolutions to abandon its nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programs in a complete, verifiable and irreversible manner and to cease all related activities immediately. The resolution also significantly enhances the sanctions regime which will help further restrict the DPRK’s ability to sustain and advance its nuclear and missile programs. We call on the international community to implement all relevant UN Security Council resolutions on the DPRK and maintain unrelenting vigilance against the DPRK’s proliferation activities.
The United States views with serious concern the DPRK’s April 2 announcement of its intention to “readjust and restart” its nuclear facilities at Yongbyon including the uranium enrichment plant, and the 5 MW plutonium production reactor disabled pursuant to Six-Party agreements. These measures run counter to the DPRK’s commitment to denuclearization under the Joint Statement of the Six-Party Talks and to its obligations under multiple UNSC resolutions. This announcement is further evidence that the DPRK remains determined to engage in activities overwhelmingly condemned by the international community. And, it is further grounds, Mr. Chairman, for all of us to act in unison to address the threat posed by the DPRK to the global nonproliferation regime and to international peace and security.
The paramount focus of U.S. policy with regard to the DPRK remains the verifiable denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula in a peaceful manner. We will not accept North Korea as a nuclear-armed state. We continue to hold the DPRK to the commitments it made under the 2005 Joint Statement of the Six-Party Talks and its obligations under all relevant UN Security Council resolutions.
We remain committed to authentic and credible negotiations to implement the September 19, 2005 Joint Statement and bring North Korea into compliance with applicable Security Council resolutions through irreversible steps leading to denuclearization. But the onus is on North Korea to take meaningful steps toward denuclearization and refrain from provocations. We will not reward North Korea simply for returning to the table. We will judge North Korea by its actions. As President Obama has stated, we are “prepared to engage with North Korea diplomatically”, but “the days when North Korea could create a crisis and elicit concessions are over.”
As always, the United States stands firmly in support of the IAEA’s essential role in the verifiable denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, and we remain committed to supporting the IAEA’s efforts to maintain readiness to establish its monitoring and verification activities in the DPRK.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.