IAEA Board of Governors Meeting
November 28-29, 2013
Agenda Item 4c
Implementation of the NPT safeguards agreement and relevant provisions of United Nations Security Council resolutions in the Islamic Republic of Iran
U.S. Statement as delivered by Ambassador Macmanus
Thank you, Mr. Chairman,
The United States extends its appreciation to the Director General and his staff for his November 14 report on the “Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement and relevant provisions of the Security Council Resolutions in the Islamic Republic of Iran.” Once again, the Director General has provided a technically-focused and instructive report that informs the Board’s understanding of Iran’s nuclear program.
In addition, we welcome the Agency’s readiness – as announced by the Director General – to undertake its necessary role in verifying the nuclear-related understandings reached between the P5+1 and Iran in Geneva. This is an important step forward in the international community’s effort to resolve its longstanding concerns with Iran’s nuclear program. We are confident that the Secretariat will undertake these verification measures in the same professional and objective manner in which it implements the IAEA’s safeguards agreement with Iran, and other international nonproliferation obligations.
Two years ago, the Director General submitted to the Board a report that raised serious concerns about the nature of Iran’s nuclear program. This report included an Annex outlining the evidence and unanswered questions related to the possible military dimensions of Iran’s nuclear program. We commend the Secretariat’s persistent efforts to pursue the needed verification in Iran, and hope that the November 11 “Joint Statement on a Framework for Cooperation” will be a vehicle for resolving all present and past issues – including those related to PMD – without further delay.
The implementation of the initial six measures would be a positive first step in a process of substantive cooperation that leads to the full resolution of all outstanding issues. We will continue to gauge closely Iran’s willingness to address the international community’s concerns, including whether issues directly related to PMD are addressed in the next phase of agreed upon measures.
For the first time in close to a decade, Iran has agreed with the P5+1 to meaningful limits on its nuclear program as the first step towards a comprehensive solution. Pursuant to the set of understandings reached between the P5+1 and Iran, Iran has committed to a number of transparency and monitoring measures that will enhance the Agency’s ability to monitor Iran’s nuclear program. Iran will need to demonstrate unambiguously to the international community the peaceful intent of its nuclear program. We reiterate our call for Iran to implement fully the Additional Protocol and the modified Code 3.1, measures long required by the United Nations Security Council and this Board.
The set of initial understandings reached in Geneva will, as a first step, ensure sensitive aspects of Iran’s nuclear program do not advance during this period. Iran has committed to halt enrichment above 5 percent, to neutralize its stockpile of near 20 percent uranium, to halt progress on its enrichment capacity, and to halt progress on the growth of its stockpile of UF6 enriched to 5 percent. Moreover, Iran has committed to no further advances of its activities at the IR-40 and to provide the Agency with updated design information for the facility. We welcome these steps and the Agency’s enhanced monitoring role, and look forward to the Board taking up these issues as appropriate.
There have been some important steps forward in the effort to resolve the international community’s concerns regarding Iran’s nuclear program. There is more work to be done in the months ahead. We look forward to the Director General’s further reporting as a basis on which to assess progress on these significant matters.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.