During a special session of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Board of Governors on January 19, Ambasssador Henry S. Enscher, Chargé d’Affaires of the U.S. Mission to International Organizations in Vienna, delivered the following statement.
IAEA Board of Governors Meeting
January 19, 2016
U.S. Statement as delivered by Ambassador Henry S. Ensher
The United States extends our deep appreciation to the Director General for his January 16 report confirming Iran’s completion of all nuclear-related measures required to implement the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). With this report, we reached Implementation Day of the JCPOA on January 16. After more than a decade of grave concern and over two years of negotiations, the international community has now reached a historic milestone toward ensuring the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program.
The Director General, the Deputy DG for Safeguards, the head of the Iran Task Force, and all their staff, all deserve our sincere gratitude for their efforts to complete this critical verification task with characteristic diligence and professionalism. We welcome the DG’s announcement that the Iran Task Force will become an office.
Iran is now provisionally applying the Additional Protocol to its Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement, and is fully implementing the modified Code 3.1 to its Subsidiary Arrangement. We welcome that Iran is once again implementing these legally binding agreements. Through the full implementation of the JCPOA, the international community is now assured that Iran’s pathways to nuclear weapons materials have been firmly closed off.
With receipt of the Director General’s report confirming the verified implementation of Iran’s JCPOA commitments, previous IAEA Board resolutions and decisions regarding Iran have now been terminated, and the Board is now seized of a new agenda item regarding the JCPOA and UN Security Council resolution 2231.
While we welcome this new status of Iran’s nuclear program, it is important to note that the Agency retains the ability to investigate any potential new concerns. In addition to the enhanced transparency and verification measures contained in the JCPOA, the IAEA has the right and obligation under the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and Additional Protocol to pursue any nuclear-related concerns that may arise in Iran, as it would in any other country with a CSA and AP. To be clear, the IAEA maintains its full authorities to pursue any new safeguards-relevant or JCPOA-related issue, including any potential new concerns regarding weapons-related activities.
As authorized by the Board and UN Security Council, the IAEA is now ably undertaking the crucial responsibility of verifying Iran’s implementation of all nuclear-related commitments under the JCPOA. The IAEA’s verification and monitoring of these commitments is vital to ensuring that Iran’s nuclear program is and will remain exclusively peaceful. The United States will continue working with all Member States to ensure that the IAEA has the resources necessary to carry out these important responsibilities through the coming years, and we look forward to broad support from Member States in this long-term undertaking. These new responsibilities must remain funded while continuing and strengthening the Agency’s other efforts related to in safeguards, security, safety, and promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
With these comments, the United States takes note of the Director General’s report contained in document [GOV/2016/1] and requests that the report be made public.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.