Nuclear Technology Review 2017

IAEA Board of Governors Meeting

March 06-10, 2017

Agenda Item 3

Strengthening the Agency’s Activities Related to Nuclear Science, Technology, and Applications


Nuclear Technology Review 2017

U.S. Statement as delivered by Chargé d’Affaires a.i. Andrew J. Schofer


Thank you, Mr. Chairman,

The United States remains a strong supporter of the application of peaceful uses of nuclear technology in accordance with the highest nonproliferation, safety, and security principles, and we support the Agency’s results-based work in this area both as a means to enhance U.S. national security and to bring the benefits of nuclear technology to Member States.

The United States welcomes and supports the IAEA’s continued role, through technical cooperation and assistance programs, in meeting the development needs of its Member States.

The United States applauds the IAEA for its contributions to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. Application of peaceful nuclear technologies has helped to reduce hunger, improve nutrition, promote sustainable agriculture; improve health; increase access to water and sanitation; broaden access to energy; promote sustainable use of the marine resources; and reverse land degradation and loss of biodiversity.

We are pleased to note that the Nuclear Technology Review highlights the importance of nuclear techniques to ensure food safety, authenticity, global food supply chain integrity, and to improve the productivity of livestock. We welcome the recent developments in early detection of prostate cancer relapse. We also welcome the recent work in water resources and environment that help in responding to climate change and changing ocean conditions, and the use of radiation processing technology to help preserve the world’s cultural heritage.

We also note with approval that the electric generating capacity of nuclear power grew for the third year in a row and that the Agency projects continued growth through 2030. Many States are also considering adoption of nuclear power or expansion of existing nuclear power programs due to increasing global demand for energy, concerns about climate change, volatile fossil fuel prices, and energy supply security.

We value highly the Agency workshops, publications, and other activities that provide guidance for countries considering a new nuclear power program. We particularly value the Agency’s work to help countries meet international standards and national commitments on safety, security and nonproliferation.

Mr. Chairman,

The United States is pleased to contribute expertise and extra-budgetary resources to the IAEA development activities, in particular through the Peaceful Uses Initiative. We have supported a number of projects that enhance the Agency’s work in nuclear technology and technical cooperation. Projects we are supporting include the Renovation of the Nuclear Application Laboratories in Seibersdorf, and the Sterile Insect Technique project in controlling mosquito populations to combat infectious diseases such as Zika, malaria, and dengue fever.

To support and supplement these activities, the United States also provides extensive training to Member States in the areas of nuclear science, nuclear engineering, infrastructure, nuclear safety, and nuclear security. In 2016, over 230 individuals from approximately 75 States participated in such training courses through the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory. The United States also supported the participation of 180 individuals in IAEA fellowship programs at nuclear agencies, national laboratories, commercial institutions, and universities in the United States. Training and professional development in nuclear technologies remains a critical mission.

Mr. Chairman,

Collectively, our voluntary contributions promote the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals and address our commitments under Article IV of the Non-Proliferation Treaty.

The United States places great importance on the power and non-power uses of nuclear technology in promoting national and regional development. We encourage the Secretariat and Member States to continue highlighting the importance of peaceful nuclear uses and the IAEA’s results-based work in promoting these uses.

We endorse the Agency’s recommendation that the Board of Governors consider and take note of the Nuclear Technology Review for 2017.

Thank you Mr. Chairman.