IAEA Board of Governors Meeting
September 11-15, 2017
Agenda Item 6
Verification and Monitoring in Iran
U.S. Statement as Delivered by Chargé d’Affaires Nicole Shampaine
The United States once again extends its appreciation to the Director General, the Deputy Director General for Safeguards, and their staff for their excellent work and continued professionalism in carrying out their responsibilities in Iran. We welcome the Director General’s August 31st report confirming that the IAEA continues to monitor and verify Iran’s implementation of all nuclear-related commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
The United States is reviewing its policy toward Iran, including with respect to the JCPOA. While this review is ongoing, we have continued to uphold our commitments, and expect Iran to strictly implement its own. In order to build confidence that Iran’s nuclear program is and remains exclusively peaceful, Iran’s full adherence to all of its JCPOA commitments and technical measures for their duration is essential. Nothing short of full and transparent cooperation will allow the IAEA to assure the international community that Iran is upholding its commitments.
IAEA verification and monitoring of all of Iran’s commitments is essential to successful implementation of the JCPOA. Nothing in the JCPOA, UN Security Council Resolution 2231, or the Board’s August 2015 decision and December 2015 resolution exempts any nuclear commitment from IAEA verification. Should a new question or concern arise with respect to nuclear-related activities in Iran, including regarding any potential weaponization-related activities, the IAEA maintains its full safeguards-related authorities to investigate them, in addition to the expanded authorities provided under the JCPOA.
We also welcome the Director General’s statement that the IAEA continues to evaluate Iran’s declarations under the Additional Protocol, and to conduct complementary access inspections to sites and other locations in Iran. As is the standard for all countries with the Additional Protocol, the IAEA has the authority to request access to any location in Iran to verify Iran’s declarations under its Additional Protocol and Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement.
As the IAEA has stated publicly, the Agency has the authority to request access to all relevant locations in Iran – no matter their nature – if suspicions arise of potential nuclear-related activity. The IAEA will need to continue to robustly exercise its authorities to verify Iran’s declarations and monitor the JCPOA. Any new and credible concerns of undeclared nuclear activities can and must be pursued by the IAEA, and we have full confidence that the Agency and its highly skilled and professional inspectors would do so appropriately.
The United States greatly appreciates the characteristic professionalism of the Director General’s reports under this agenda item. These reports have allowed the Board of Governors and the JCPOA participants to assess Iran’s implementation of its commitments accurately and to ensure appropriate application of its requirements. These reports also help strengthen the foundation of verification on which the JCPOA rests.
The issues discussed in the Director General’s report underscore the importance of robust and sustained efforts by the IAEA to fulfill its monitoring role on the ground in Iran, and the requirement for the necessary resources to carry out these important tasks. The United States welcomes the numerous pledges of financial support for the IAEA’s efforts with respect to JCPOA monitoring, as well as the integration of appropriate verification costs within the regular budget. We look forward to continued, strong support from Member States in this regard. New responsibilities in Iran must not detract from the Agency’s other essential tasks globally in safeguards, security, safety, and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
With these comments, the United States takes note of the Director General’s report contained in document GOV/2017/35, and requests that the report be made public. We also reiterate our request that the Director General’s report from December 6, 2016, contained in GOV/INF/2016/13, be made public as well.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.