IAEA Board of Governors Meeting
June 12-16, 2017
Agenda Item 6
Verification and Monitoring in Iran
Chargé d’Affaires a.i. Andrew J. Schofer
The United States once again extends its appreciation to the Director General, the Deputy Director General for Safeguards, and their staff for their excellent work, and we commend their continued professionalism and dedication in carrying out their responsibilities in Iran. We welcome the Director General’s June second report on verification and monitoring in Iran, and the confirmation that the IAEA continues to monitor and verify Iran’s implementation of all nuclear-related commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
In addition to Iran’s essential safeguards obligations, the Agency is entrusted with the vital responsibility of verifying and monitoring all of Iran’s nuclear commitments under the JCPOA. These commitments include Iran’s fundamental reaffirmation never to seek, develop, or acquire nuclear weapons, nor to engage in certain activities which could contribute to the design and development of a nuclear explosive device. In order to build confidence that Iran’s nuclear program is and remains exclusively peaceful, Iran must fully adhere to these and all other JCPOA commitments and technical measures for their duration. Nothing short of full cooperation will allow the IAEA to assure the international community that Iran is upholding all of its commitments. The United States is currently conducting a careful reviewing its policy toward Iran, including with respect to the JCPOA. As this review continues, we will continue to uphold our commitments, and expect Iran to implement its own strictly.
We welcome the Director General’s report that the IAEA continues to evaluate the initial declarations submitted by Iran under the Additional Protocol, and to conduct complementary access inspections under the Additional Protocol to various locations in Iran. Should any new questions or concerns arise with respect to nuclear-related activities in Iran, including regarding any potential weaponization-related activities, the IAEA maintains its full safeguards-related authorities to investigate them, in addition to the expanded authorities provided under the JCPOA. Any new and credible concerns of undeclared nuclear activities in Iran can and must be pursued by the IAEA, and we expect and have full confidence that the Agency and its highly skilled and professional inspectors would do so appropriately.
The United States greatly appreciates the characteristic professionalism of the Director General’s reports under this agenda item. The Director General’s reports have allowed the Board of Governors and the JCPOA participants to assess Iran’s implementation of its commitments accurately and to ensure appropriate application of its requirements. These reports help strengthen the foundation of verification on which the JCPOA rests.
The issues discussed in the Director General’s report underscore the importance of robust and sustained efforts by the IAEA to fulfill its monitoring role on the ground in Iran. The United States welcomes the numerous pledges of financial support for the IAEA’s efforts with respect to JCPOA monitoring, as well as the integration of appropriate verification costs within the regular budget. New responsibilities in Iran must not detract from the Agency’s other essential tasks globally in safeguards, security, safety, and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
With these comments, the United States takes note of the Director General’s report contained in document GOV/2017/24, and requests that the report be made public. We also request that the Director General’s report contained in GOV/INF/2016/13 be made public.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.