IAEA Board of Governors Meeting
November 23-24, 2017
Agenda Item 3
Verification and Monitoring in Iran
U.S. Statement as delivered by U.S. Chargé d’Affaires a.i. Nicole Shampaine
The United States welcomes the Director General’s November 13 report that the IAEA continues to verify and monitor Iran’s implementation of all nuclear-related commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. We once again extend our appreciation to the Director General, the Deputy Director General for Safeguards, and their staff for their excellent work and continued professionalism in carrying out their responsibilities in Iran.
The United States has conducted a careful review of its policy toward Iran, including with respect to the JCPOA. Following that review, we have made clear that we are continuing to uphold our commitments under the deal, and expect Iran to strictly implement its own. Iran must continue to fully adhere to all aspects of its JCPOA commitments and technical measures for their duration in order to build confidence that its nuclear program is and remains exclusively peaceful. Nothing short of full and transparent implementation will allow the IAEA to assure the international community that Iran is upholding all of its nuclear commitments.
IAEA verification and monitoring of all of Iran’s nuclear commitments is essential to successful implementation of the JCPOA. No commitments under the deal are exempt from IAEA verification. The IAEA will need to continue exercising its authorities, including the expanded authorities provided under the JCPOA, to verify Iran’s declarations and monitor the JCPOA.
We welcome the Director General’s statement that the IAEA continues to evaluate Iran’s declarations under the Additional Protocol, and to conduct complementary access inspections to sites and locations in Iran. Any new and credible concerns of undeclared nuclear activities, including any potential weaponization-related issues, can and must be pursued by the IAEA. We have full confidence that the Agency and its highly skilled and professional inspectors would do so appropriately. As the Director General has made clear, in cases in which a question or inconsistency arises, the Agency has the authority to request access to any relevant location in Iran, without distinction between military and civilian. This is the same standard for all countries around the world with the Additional Protocol, as needed in order to resolve any questions about possible undeclared nuclear activities.
The United States greatly appreciates the characteristic professionalism of the Director General’s reports under this agenda item. These reports have allowed the Board of Governors and the JCPOA participants to assess Iran’s implementation of its commitments accurately and to ensure appropriate application of its requirements. These reports also help strengthen the foundation of verification on which the JCPOA rests.
The issues discussed in the Director General’s report underscore the importance of robust and sustained efforts by the IAEA to fulfill its monitoring role on the ground in Iran, and the requirement for the necessary resources to carry out these important tasks. The United States welcomes the numerous pledges of financial support for the IAEA’s efforts with respect to JCPOA monitoring, as well as the integration of appropriate verification costs within the regular budget. We look forward to continued, strong support from member states in this regard. New responsibilities in Iran must not detract from the Agency’s other essential tasks globally in safeguards, security, safety, and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
For this reason, we are pleased to announce today a new pledge of one million U.S. dollars for JCPOA monitoring and verification efforts in Iran. This new pledge strengthens the IAEA’s essential safeguards capabilities in Iran, and adds predictability to the IAEA’s planning and budget over the coming year. We urge all Board members to continue their financial support for the IAEA’s critical responsibilities in Iran, which will remain a high priority for the Agency for many years to come.
With these comments, the United States takes note of the Director General’s report contained in document GOV/2017/48, and requests that the report be made public.
Thank you, Mr. Chairperson.