U.S. Statement to the IAEA Board of Governors: Application of Safeguards in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

IAEA Board Room. Photo courtesy of IAEA, D.Calma.

U.S. Statement as delivered by U.S. Chargé d’Affaires a.i. Nicole Shampaine

IAEA Board of Governors Meeting

Agenda Item 7(d): Application of Safeguards in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Vienna, September 13, 2018

 

Thank you, Chair.

Since this Board last convened, the international community has had reason for cautious optimism concerning the final, fully verified denuclearization of the DPRK, as agreed to by Chairman Kim. The summit meetings between the United States and the DPRK, and the Republic of Korea and the DPRK, opened up new possibilities for a diplomatic resolution to the DPRK’s unlawful nuclear and ballistic missile programs. America stands ready to engage when it is clear that Chairman Kim is prepared to deliver on the commitments that he made at the Singapore summit to President Trump. The world stands united behind the need for Chairman Kim to fulfill his denuclearization commitments. The United States, like the rest of the world, is looking forward to North Korea complying with all relevant UN Security Council resolutions and fulfilling its commitments. Unfortunately, the DPRK has yet to take concrete and verifiable steps toward denuclearization, and its nuclear program remains a cause for grave concern by the international community.

The United States welcomes the Director General’s 2018 report on the Application of Safeguards in the DPRK and shares the report’s deeply regrettable assessments of North Korea’s continued violations of relevant UN Security Council resolutions. Diplomacy notwithstanding, North Korea continues to possess and develop its proscribed nuclear weapons programs. As we reach out diplomatically, we must intensify our efforts to pressure the North Korean regime to uphold its international obligations and commitments, and take significant, verifiable steps toward denuclearization. The United States is committed to working with countries around the world to ensure robust implementation of the DPRK sanctions regime. Any premature relief in economic and diplomatic pressure would diminish the chances of achieving our common goal. Together, we must lay the groundwork to hold North Korea accountable to the promises it has made.

As we look ahead to next week’s General Conference, we commend the Board’s steadfast attention to the DPRK’s nuclear file and express our appreciation for the Secretariat’s continued efforts in strengthening the Agency’s readiness to play an important role in verifying the dismantling of the DPRK’s nuclear program. The continuing realities of the DPRK’s unlawful nuclear program warrant a firm and unequivocal response from this Board and all member states. We must make it clear that the DPRK will not achieve the security or the prosperity it seeks until it follows through on its obligations and commitments to denuclearize. If it does so, a brighter future awaits.

Thank you, Chair.