May 7, 2019
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
United States reaches $100 million milestone in total contributions
to IAEA Peaceful Uses Initiative
The United States reported today in New York that it has exceeded the $100 million milestone of overall U.S. voluntary contributions to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Peaceful Uses Initiative (PUI). In a statement delivered today, Jeffrey Eberhardt of the State Department’s Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance noted, “the United States is proud to be the largest contributor to International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) activities that expand the benefits of peaceful nuclear uses.” Since 2010, when the United States helped the IAEA launch the PUI, the United States has made regular annual contributions to the Initiative. The IAEA uses this funding to support projects that share the peaceful applications of nuclear technology around the world.
The IAEA’s Peaceful Uses Initiative supports implementation of Article IV of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, or NPT. This provision requires NPT States Party that are “in a position to do so” to “cooperate in contributing alone or together with other States or international organizations to the further development of the applications of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.”
The United States is by far the largest contributor to IAEA activities that expand the benefits of peaceful nuclear technology, having provided voluntary contributions totaling over $378.9 million to support such activities through the IAEA since 2010 alone, including $100.7 million through the PUI. Through its PUI funding, the United States has supported efforts in areas such as human and animal health, food security, water resource management, environmental issues, nuclear safety and security, and nuclear power infrastructure development.
Speaking to the Third Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2020 Review Conference of the Parties to the NPT at UN Headquarters, Eberhardt noted how the widespread benefits of peaceful nuclear uses have been central to the NPT since its inception. He also announced that the United States plans to take part over the next year in enhanced engagement with NPT Parties on how best to maximize peaceful nuclear cooperation under the NPT.
The 2020 Review Conference of the Parties to the NPT will mark the 50th anniversary of the NPT’s entry into force. In reaffirming the U.S. commitment to the peaceful uses of nuclear technologies, Eberhardt remarked how past and future successes in peaceful nuclear uses rest on the NPT’s strong nonproliferation protections.
“The NPT provides the confidence that sharing peaceful nuclear know-how will not contribute to the spread of nuclear weapons capabilities to dangerous regimes or non-state actors. This confidence is built upon the various nonproliferation protections — including safeguards, export controls, and nuclear safety and security practices and standards — that comprise the global nonproliferation regime.”
More information on the IAEA’s Peaceful Uses Initiative is available on the Agency’s website at https://www.iaea.org/services/key-programmes/peaceful-uses-initiative
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